Your General Dentist in UBC’s Services
General Dentistry Services
General dentistry mostly concerns the prevention and treatment of common oral diseases. The two most common oral diseases are tooth decay and periodontal disease (gum disease). It is important to schedule regular checkups and cleanings (every six to nine months) for optimum oral health. When there is decay or damage to a tooth, we offer a large number of treatments to restore the tooth.
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Inlays & Onlays
Root Canal Therapy
It is always best to try and preserve your teeth, but when that is no longer an option, you may require an extraction. One of the most common reasons for an extraction is when a wisdom tooth becomes impacted, or trapped in your jaw, due to a lack of space. When an extraction is required, we make certain that the whole process is as painless as possible by using anesthesia during the treatment. We also instruct you in proper post-operative care for a quick recovery. Replacing the missing tooth is necessary in order to prevent the rest of your teeth from shifting, which can cause problems with joint function and chewing alignment. Aesthetics can also be a concern if the missing tooth is visible when you smile.
Night Guards and Sports Mouth Guards
The involuntary grinding of teeth at night while sleeping is called bruxism. This grinding can cause many problems, such as stress on the jaw joint and damaged or misaligned teeth. A night guard can help prevent these harmful effects of bruxism, as well as prevent common symptoms like sore jaw muscles, aching teeth, and pain in the head, ears, and neck. We can recommend different types of night guards based on your particular needs.
A sports mouth guard is used to prevent and reduce possible injuries to the teeth, lips, gums, and face. This protective device is most often used during contact sports. A custom guard made specifically for your mouth and sports needs will offer much better protection than a generic mouth guard off the shelf. By customizing your sports mouth guard we can provide total comfort and a proper fit.
When one or more teeth are missing, an appliance called a dental bridge can fill the empty space. A bridge replaces the missing tooth or teeth and is usually cemented in place so that it is permanent. It is crucial to fill in the empty space so that your surrounding teeth do not shift, which can cause many problems. This is the most natural choice for filling in missing teeth, and it can improve chewing ability, correct an altered bite, and enhance speech. A commitment to maintaining good oral hygiene makes you an excellent candidate for a bridge.
When there is too much decay for a filling, or a large filling needs additional support, then you may need a crown. A crown caps or covers the damaged tooth. It can improve the appearance of a tooth by restoring the shape, size, and colour. A crown can also strengthen a tooth. It can prevent the a weak tooth from fracturing or support a tooth that is already fractured. A crown also seals the tooth to prevent any further decay or damage. Your crown will look natural, be permanent, and last for many years with proper brushing and flossing.
The most common treatment for cavities is a filling, which replaces the decayed portion of a tooth. Fillings are also frequently used to repair broken teeth, cracked teeth, and teeth worn down by grinding. When you get a filling, the decayed portion of the tooth is removed, the area is cleaned, and then a dental material is used to fill where the decayed material used to be. There are several different filling materials available such as porcelain, gold, or a tooth-coloured composite resin, which is the most common. We can recommend the best type of filling material based on your needs, the extent and location of the decay, the cost of the filling material, and your insurance coverage.
Inlays and Onlays
Inlays and onlays are an aesthetic alternative to fillings. You can think of them as very large fillings that cover more of your tooth. Onlays sit over the chewing surface of your tooth, and inlays fill the tooth in between cusps. We protect and restore large portions of a tooth by using a custom-created porcelain or resin material that looks exactly like the rest of your natural tooth. Inlays and onlays are one of the highest-quality options available because they are very durable and preserve your tooth structure.
Root Canal Therapy
Inflammation or infection of a tooth’s nerve can be caused by severe decay, gum disease, or tooth trauma. When this happens, a root canal is often required. Pain and dental abscesses can result if the tooth not cared for quickly. A root canal allows you to keep your natural tooth by removing the affected nerve and pulp, cleaning the inside of the tooth, and then sealing it. By keeping your natural tooth in place, you don’t have to worry about the problems related to shifting teeth. A root canal also avoids the cost of replacing it with an artificial tooth. Because of today’s modern technology, root canals have become a common and successful therapy.
Regular checkups and proper tooth and gum care will help prevent the worst of your tooth problems. For more serious concerns like the ones noted above, a consultation with your dentist can help plot the best course of action to keep your smile bright and healthy.